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Frequently Asked Questions

A Standard is document established by consensus and approved by a recognized body, that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given context.

Standard that is adopted by a national standards body and made available to the public

Standard that is adopted by a regional standardizing/standards organization and made available to the public

Standard that is adopted by an international standardizing/standards organization like ISO/IEC and made available to the public

  • The work of formulation of standards on any specific subject shall be undertaken when the Division Council concerned is satisfied as a result of its own deliberations or on investigation and consultation with concerned interests that the necessity for standardization has been established.
  • When the subject has been so investigated and the need established, the Division Council concerned shall assign the task of formulating the standard to an appropriate Technical Committee or shall appoint a new Technical Committee for the purpose.
  • When request for establishing a standard for any specific subject has not been accepted after its due consideration, the proposer is informed of the decision.
  • A draft standard prepared and duly approved by a Committee is issued in draft form and widely circulated for a period of not less than one month amongst the various interests concerned for critical review and suggestions for improvement. The wide circulation may be waived if so decided by the Sectional Committee where the matter is urgent or non-controversial.
  • Special attention is given to multidisciplinary areas such as energy conservation, environmental protection, rural  development and safety.
  • The appropriate Technical Committee thereafter finalizes the draft standard giving due consideration to the comments that may be received. The draft standard after it has been approved by the Sectional Committee  and submitted to the Chairman of the Division Council concerned for adoption on its behalf.

The following types of Standards are developed by BIS:

  • Terminologies
  • Product Specification
  • Methods of Tests
  • Codes of Practice
  • Guides
  • Symbols or Dimensional
  • Special Publications (NBC, NEC etc)
  • Others

  • Should fullfil a generally recognized need of industry trade technology and other sectors of national life
  • Reflect current and immediate future needs of economy of the country
  • Safeguard the interest of the producer and the consumer
  • Represent the largest possible national consensus of opinion between all the interest concerned
  • Keep in view the latest scientific advancements and remain technologically and economically practicable for application
  • Ensure optimum overall economy of the nation
  • Subject to periodic review and revision

FlowChart of Standard Development



While developing Indian Standards, technical committee has representation from Manufacturers, Consumer, Govt. departments, Technologists, Regulating Authorities, Testing Laboratories, Consultants, Universities and Other Experts etc. It is ensured that the consumer interest shall predominate in the committee and the standards are developed on consensus principle.

Any person, being a Ministry of the Central Government, State Government, Union territory administration, consumer organisation, industrial unit, industry-association, professional body, member of the Governing Council, member of a technical committee or any individual who proposes for establishment of an Indian Standard or for amending or for revising or withdrawing an established Indian Standard may submit the proposal to the Bureau in writing for the purpose.

Please submit the proposal in the prescribed Performa.

Click here for submitting the Performa  (Submit Proposal)

  • Cost reduction through standardization
  • Product safety and liability
  • Benefits for the economy as a whole
  • Safety, Health & Environmental Protection
  • Removal of Trade Barriers
  • Trade & Competitive advantage through standards
  • Compatibility & Interchangeability
  • Consumer Protection

All established standards are reviewed periodically, at least once in five years, to determine the need for revision or withdrawal. Standards which in the opinion of the Sectional Committee need no revision or amendment are reaffirmed by the Sectional Committee.

Indian Standards are dynamic in nature and are periodically reviewed by BIS. However in case any stakeholder desires to make any comment on the Indian Standard, the same can be submitted through the prescribed Performa.

Please Click here for submitting the comments

Please Click here .

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